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Refresher and Updating Course for Engineers - Management Level (RUCM)

Course Topics

  • STCW 1978 as amended in 2010
  • Background to STCW
  • Need and Benefits of comprehensive review
  • Terms of reference
  • Overview of the Revised STCW Convention
  • Calendar of Events / Action dates
  • Process Overview
  • International Instruments
  • General Objectives
  • STCW Certificate Requirements
  • National Legislative and Administrative Frame
  • Engine-room resource management
  • Engine-room resource management principles
  • Constituent elements of the ERM
  • Allocation, assignment, and prioritization of resources
  • Allocation of Resources
  • Time and Resource Constraints
  • Electronic Planned Maintenance System (PMS) a typical software system called the Ship Manager
  • Personal Assignment and work distribution
  • Prioritization
  • Steps in Goal Setting
  • Advantages of Goal Setting
  • How to Set Goals
  • Case study The Junior Engineer, who failed to manage himself
  • Effective communication onboard and ashore
  • Communication is Understanding
  • Types of Communication
  • Interpersonal Communication
  • Communication Interactive
  • Importance of Feedback
  • Is Feedback Necessary
  • Formal and Informal Feedback
  • Case Study: Informal Feedback
  • Assertiveness and Leadership, including motivation
  • Assertiveness
  • Introduction
  • What is assertiveness?
  • Definition
  • Benefits of assertiveness
  • Roadblocks to assertive behaviour
  • Assertiveness vs Aggressiveness
  • Strategies for enhancing assertiveness
  • Body language
  • Samples of language and behaviour
  • Three parts of effective assertive communication
  • Dealing with problems assertively
  • Being assertive amidst a problem
  • Being assertive amidst grief
  • Being assertive amidst a conflict
  • Strategies to acquire assertive communication
  • Team Building
  • Groups and Teams
  • Characteristics of a Team
  • Dealing with Different Types of People
  • Why Teams Fail
  • How to Sustain Team Effectiveness
  • Lead by Example
  • Team Work
  • Team Performance
  • Handling Problems
  • Groupthink
  • Conflict at Work
  • Race, Culture and Gender
  • Stress in Self and Others
  • Motivation and Leadership
  • Motivation
  • Ways of Motivation
  • Advantages of Motivation
  • Delegation
  • Leadership
  • Characteristics of a Leader
  • Aggressive Assertive
  • Types of Leadership
  • Acquiring Leadership Skills
  • Decision Making
  • Story of John
  • Process of Decision Making
  • Lack of Decision-Making Skills
  • Four Types of Decision Makers
  • Case Study Decision Makers-Can they all be right
  • Obtaining and maintaining situational awareness
  • Risk Management
  • Managing Risk
  • Regulatory requirements
  • Assessing Risk
  • Risk assessment methods
  • Risk Assessment for the Engine room
  • Situational Awareness
  • Process of Developing Situational Awareness
  • Barriers to Situational Awareness
  • Loss of Situation Awareness
  • Human Error
  • Losing Situational Awareness
  • Understanding Emergencies
  • Planning Emergency Response
  • Errors and Error Chains
  • Domino Theory
  • The Reasons Model
  • Multiple Cause Theory
  • What are the Causes of accidents?
  • Recovering and Getting Back the Situational Awareness
  • Effective Safety Management System
  • Maritime Resource Management using SHELL MODEL
  • Conclusion
  • Case Study: Human Element
  • Consider generated options including team experience
  • Broadening the option and consideration of team experience
  • Propulsion plant and auxiliary machinery -Part(A)
  • Basic Construction and Operation principles of machinery systems
  • Constructional features of DE
  • Two stroke Engines
  • Structure
  • Cylinder cover, Mountings
  • Cylinder Liner, Piston
  • Crosshead, Connecting Rod
  • Crankshaft
  • Bearings
  • Chain drives
  • Operation and Inspection of Chain Drives
  • Camshaft
  • Charge Air Cooler
  • Fuel Pump
  • VIT Pump
  • Electronic VIT
  • Four stroke Engines
  • Exhaust Valves
  • Auxiliary Engine layout and components
  • Wartsila Medium Speed Engines
  • Caterpillar High Speed Diesel Engines
  • MAN Vee Type Trunk Piston Engines
  • Lubrication of Trunk Type Engines
  • Introduction to some modern engines
  • GT Constructional Features
  • Boiler and Mountings
  • List of Boiler Mountings
  • Cochran Vertical Boiler Mountings
  • Safety valve
  • Spring Loaded Relief Valve
  • Boiler Safety Valve
  • Classifications and Definitions
  • Low Lift Safety Valve
  • Improved High Lift safety Valve
  • High Capacity (Full Lift) safety valves
  • Main Steam Stop Valve
  • Feed Water Valve
  • Feed check valve
  • Water Level Gauge
  • Type of Water Level gauges
  • High-Low Level Alarm and Burner Cut-off systems
  • Composite Boilers
  • Propulsion Transmission Systems, including thrust and shaft bearings
  • Transmission System
  • Propulsion Arrangements
  • Shafting
  • Components
  • Tail Shaft Keys and Keyways
  • Thrust Block
  • Principle
  • Construction and Operation
  • Thrust Bearing
  • Conclusion
  • Gearing and Clutches
  • Steering Gear Systems
  • Overview
  • Requirements of Electro-Hydraulic Steering
  • Theory of Steering
  • Steering Modes
  • Types of steering gears
  • Electro Hydraulic Steering Gear
  • Steering Gear Pumps
  • Radial Piston Pumps
  • Axial Piston Pumps
  • Ram Type
  • Constructional Features
  • Operation
  • Exam Guide
  • Sketch It
  • Rotary Vane Type
  • Constructional Features
  • Operation 2
  • Advantages
  • All Electric Steering Gear
  • Operation
  • Maintenance
  • Conclusion
  • Downloads
  • Engineering Materials used onboard
  • A brief note on Steels
  • Materials used in Steam Plants
  • Materials used in Diesel Plants
  • Materials used for other Equipment and Systems
  • OPERATION OF MARINE MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT AND DIESEL ENGINES
  • Two stroke operation
  • Before starting
  • Starting Air System
  • Starting and reversing of 2-stroke Engine
  • Starting the Engine
  • Reversing the Ship
  • Engine with Reduction Gear
  • Ships Fitted with CPP
  • 2 Stroke Engine Connected to a Fixed Pitch propeller
  • Rotation of Engine in The Opposite Direction
  • Timing diagram of a 2 Stroke Engine
  • Methods of Changing Timings
  • Lost Motion
  • Axial Shifting of CAMS
  • Rollers Displacement
  • Regulatory Body Requirements for a Reversible Engine
  • Electronic Operation
  • Logical Sequence
  • Main Engine Manoeuvring System
  • Bridge Control for an unmanned ER
  • Precautions for Starting and Stopping
  • Changing Over Fuel
  • Abnormalities and Vigilance during operation
  • Knowing systems associated with the ME
  • Engine Spare Parts
  • Four stroke operation
  • Engine Operation
  • Operation of Diesel Prime mover for Alternator
  • Pre-Operation Procedures
  • Engine Running Procedures
  • Gears and Clutches
  • Introduction and Learning Objectives
  • Use of Gears
  • Gear Teeth Design
  • Lubrication
  • Parallel gear Applications
  • Epicyclic Gearing
  • Application of Epicyclic Gearing
  • Star Gear
  • Planetary Gear
  • Solar Gear
  • Advantages of using Multiple Planets
  • Epicyclic Gear Arrangements
  • Clutches and Reversing Gears
  • Engine Cooling Systems
  • Lubrication Oil System
  • Monitoring the Lube Oil System
  • Fuel oil system, including shipboard preparation of fuel oil for proper combustion
  • Control and alarm systems, associated with the automatic operation of a diesel plant
  • Safe and Efficient Operation of Marine Diesel Engines
  • Lookout for danger signs and mistakes
  • Hazards to Safety during operation
  • Engine Efficiency and Slow Steaming
  • Main Engine Efficiency and Performance Curves
  • Slow Speed Steaming
  • Operational Problems
  • Starting and Running Problems
  • Improper Running
  • Engine Knocking and Piston Running Hot
  • Operational Hazards in Marine Diesel Engines
  • Crankcase Explosion
  • Scavenge Space Fire
  • Air Starting Line Explosion
  • Crank Case Inspection
  • Crank Shaft Deflection
  • Governor
  • Mechanical Governor
  • Mechanical Hydraulic Governor
  • Electronic Governor
  • Scavenging and Supercharging
  • Scavenging System
  • Supercharging System
  • Turbochargers
  • Combustion of fuel oil
  • Running adjustments to maintain the performance of the Diesel engine as per the ship-operators preferences
  • Main propulsion performance and data
  • Main propulsion shaft torque and speed measurement
  • Shaft power meter. Meta Power System
  • Maintenance of Marine Diesel engines
  • IJMS operations
  • Change-over of bridge control
  • Assessment of Main Diesel Engine Power and Running Adjustments to Maintain Performance
  • How to Measure Indicated Power with Indicator diagram
  • Main propulsion shaft torque and speed measurement
  • Non-Contact type Shaft power meter
  • Operation of auxiliary boiler
  • Auxiliary Boiler Safety
  • Safety and emergency procedures for operation of propulsion plant and control systems
  • Safety and Protection System
  • Alarm and Safety Systems
  • Local Engine Operation: Telegraph Failure
  • Diesel Engine Emergency Operation
  • Cutting out Cylinder Units
  • Cutting off Fuel Injection Pump: UEC-L Main Engine
  • Effects of Decoupling of Cylinders or Engine units
  • Various Methods of Cutting Out an engine unit
  • Other ME Emergency Operations
  • Bad weather Operation
  • Local Engine Operation: Telegraph Failure
  • Blackout
  • Water Leakage into the Cylinder
  • Operation with Turbocharger Breakdowns
  • Wartsila-Sulzer
  • UEC- Misubishi
  • Precautions for Slow Running
  • Scavenge Fire
  • Crankcase Explosion
  • Control and alarm systems, associated with the automatic operation of a Diesel plant
  • OPERATE MAIN and AUX M/C and ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEM
  • Main and associated auxiliaries, including oily-water separator
  • Auxiliary prime-movers and associated systems
  • Preparation, Operation, Fault detection and necessary measures to prevent damage of machinery items and control systems
  • Latest developments - OWS requirements and operation
  • Safety measures to be taken for repair and maintenance.
  • Safe Isolation of ship board Machinery and equipment required before personnel are permitted to work
  • Work Organization
  • Electrical Hazards
  • Dangers of High Voltage
  • Dangers of Electric Shock
  • Rescue from Electrical Shocks and Injuries
  • Methods of Artificial Respiration
  • How to prevent electrical shock?
  • Methods for safe emergency/temporary repairs
  • Use maintenance repair of appropriate specialized tools, machine tools and measuring instruments.
  • Specialized Tools
  • Tools Assist to Make Permanent Joints
  • Arc Welding
  • Gas Welding
  • Brazing
  • Riveting
  • Tools Assist in Breaking Permanent Joint
  • Gas Cutting
  • Plasma Cutting
  • Others
  • Tools / Equipments Assist in Making a Non permeant joints
  • Lathe
  • Drilling
  • Grinding
  • Tapping and Thread Extraction
  • WSHOP EQPMNT MANUAL
  • Tools Assist in Making/Breaking Non-Permanent joints
  • Alignment Brackets
  • Measuring Instruments
  • General Measuring Instruments
  • Parallels
  • Dial Callipers
  • Dial Indicator
  • Thickness Gauges
  • Micrometres
  • Telescopic gauges
  • Dial type depth gauge
  • Bridge Gauge
  • Conventional Indicator Measurement Instrument(Planimeter)
  • Modern Method of taking Indicator diagram
  • Pressure Sensors
  • Torque Measurement instruments
  • Advanced Engine Control instruments
  • Electrical Measuring Instruments
  • Interpretations of hand books, machinery drawings, piping, hydraulic and pneumatic diagrams
  • Assembly drawings
  • Detail drawing for knuckle joint
  • Valves
  • Pumps
  • Filters and Gauges
  • Pipes and Joints
  • Shipboard Pipeline and Pumping Systems
  • Sea Water System
  • Fresh Water System
  • Fuel Oil System
  • Electrical, Electronic and Control systems
  • Basic configuration and operation principles of electrical, electronic and control equipment
  • Introduction
  • Simple theory of all Control Systems
  • Typical Control System in Ship
  • Purpose of Control System
  • Control System Onboard
  • Bridge Control System in Ship
  • Engine Room Control System in Ship
  • Cargo Room Control System in Ship
  • Control System Operations
  • Watch-keeper Role
  • Basic Procedures
  • Electric Control Equipments
  • Control Panel
  • Rotary Selector Switch
  • Open and Closed Control Loops
  • Process Control
  • Essential Components in Process Control Loops (Simple theory of all Control Systems)
  • Sensors and Transmitters
  • Resistance Temperature Devices
  • Thermocouples
  • Flow, Pressure and Level Measurement
  • Flow Measurement
  • Pressure Measurement
  • Level Measurement
  • Ambient Temperature Compensation
  • Viscosity and Torque Measurement
  • Viscosity Measurement
  • Torque Measurement
  • Other sensors and transducers
  • Speed
  • Variable Reluctance Tacho generator
  • Stroboscopic Tachometer
  • Permanent Magnet Transducer
  • Centrifugal Type Tachometer
  • Chronometric Type Tachometer
  • Force
  • Acceleration
  • Vibration
  • Humidity
  • Capacitive Hygrometer
  • Dry and Wet Bulb Hygrometer
  • Dew Cell Hygrometer
  • Dunmore Cell and Pope Cell
  • Moisture
  • Optical Sensors
  • Optoelectronic Sensor
  • Photo Conductive Cell
  • Photo emissive Cells
  • Photo Diode
  • Optical Fibers
  • Fiber Optic Sensors and Switches
  • Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
  • Smart Sensor
  • Ultrasonic Sensors
  • Permanent and Temporary mounting of Transducer
  • Transducer Installation
  • Force Balance Transmitters
  • Oil/Water Interface and Oil in Water Monitoring
  • Pneumatic Flapper/Nozzle System
  • Pneumatic Flapper/Nozzle System
  • Pneumatic 20-100 kPa, Analogue 4 to 20 mA Signals
  • Pneumatic Pilot Relays
  • Control Air Supply
  • Working and applications of Operational Amplifier
  • Electrical Supply
  • Main Switchboard
  • Shaft Generators
  • Shore Supply and Earthing
  • Controllers and Basic Control Theory
  • PID Control
  • Proportional Controller
  • Proportional Control System
  • Controller
  • Recovery After a Disturbance
  • Integral Controller
  • Integral Action
  • Integral Action Time
  • Expressing Integral Action
  • Integral Control
  • Two Term Controller (P-I Controller)
  • Derivative Controller
  • Derivative Action
  • Derivative Action Time
  • Derivative Control
  • Three Term Controller (P+I+D Controller)
  • Basics and tuning of PID control
  • V-1 Converter
  • I-V Converter
  • P-l Converter
  • I-P Converter
  • Disturbances and Time Delays and Means to Reduce Them
  • Two Step, Proportional, Integral, and Derivative Control Actions
  • Final Control Elements
  • Diaphragm Operated Control Valves
  • Flow/lift Characteristics of Control Valves
  • Control Valve Actuators and Positioners
  • Wax Element Valves
  • Electrically Operated Valves
  • Control Loop Analysis
  • Temperature Control Systems
  • Level Control Systems
  • Pressure Control Systems
  • Split Range and Cascade Control
  • Split Range Control
  • Cascade Control
  • Single, Two and Three Element Control
  • Governors
  • Need for Governors
  • Governor Terms, Concepts and Operation
  • Hydraulic and Digital Governors
  • Mechanical Governor
  • Mechanical Hydraulic Governor...
  • Electronic Governor1
  • Governing Systems
  • Power Sharing
  • 7.5.1 Monitoring Systems
  • Automatic Control Devices
  • 7.5.3 Protective Devices
  • High voltage installations
  • High Voltage Installations
  • Basics
  • Differences between High voltage Supply and Low voltage Supply
  • Need of High Voltage systems in ships
  • High Voltage Installations
  • Modes of Operation
  • Hazards and Safety
  • Electric Shocks and the factors increasing them
  • Electric arc, Arc Flash, Arc Blasts and its effects
  • Definition of safety terms
  • Safety Requirements of High Voltage system
  • Training the persons on safety-related work practices
  • Work Procedures in High Voltage
  • Live working
  • Dead Working
  • Earthing and Discharging HV
  • Permit to Work on H.V Equipment
  • Marine High voltage rules from Classification societies
  • Design of Earthed neutral system
  • Preliminary Operations Manual
  • Installation and Arrangements of HV
  • High Voltage Motor Controllers
  • Speed Control of AC Motors
  • Speed control of DC motor
  • Configuring PWM registers
  • Interfacing DC Motor
  • DC motors Speed Control
  • Stepper Motors
  • Hardware Development
  • Reversing and non-reversing
  • High Voltage shore Connection (HVSC)
  • Equipotential Bonding, System Grounding Compatibility and Voltage rating
  • Load Transfer
  • HV Shore Connection Circuit Breaker:
  • Shore Connection Switchboard
  • Detection, maintenance and repair of electrical systems & equipment and measures to prevent damage
  • Maintenance and repair of electrical system equipment
  • Switchboards
  • Electric Motor and Generator
  • Drying-Out of Alternator Windings
  • Testing of Circuit Breaker
  • Machinery Alignment
  • Measuring Air Gaps
  • Overhauling the Bearings
  • Active and Passive safety measures
  • DC Electrical systems and Equipment
  • Maintenance and Repair of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
  • Methodology of Maintenance
  • Maintenance of Switchboards
  • Maintenance of D.C. electrical systems and equipment
  • Detection of electric malfunction, location of faults and measures to prevent damage
  • The interpretation of electrical and simple electronic diagrams
  • Symbols and ANSI Numbers
  • Single Line Diagram
  • Wiring Diagram and Cable Schedule
  • Reading the Schematic Drawing
  • Electrical wiring diagrams
  • JIC wiring symbols
  • Alarms and Controls
  • Gauges and Indicators
  • Line Symbols
  • Function and performance test of monitoring systems
  • Safety requirements for working on shipboard electrical systems, including the safe isolation of electrical equipment required before personnel are permitted to work on such equipment
  • Electrical Equipment
  • Hazardous Area Onboard
  • Including the safe isolation of electrical equipment required before personnel are permitted to work on such equipment
  • The interpretation of electrical and simple electronic diagrams
  • Symbols and ANSI Numbers
  • Single Line Diagram
  • Wiring Diagram and Cable Schedule
  • Reading the Schematic Drawing
  • Electrical wiring diagrams
  • JIC wiring symbols
  • Alarms and Controls
  • Gauges and Indicators
  • Line Symbols
  • Leadership and Teamworking skills
  • Shipboard personnel management training
  • Training on board
  • Regulatory Requirements
  • Training organization for seafarers
  • Familiarization Training
  • Discipline on board and counselling
  • Communication process
  • Housekeeping, safety and hygiene
  • Crew Wellness
  • Motivation
  • Mentoring
  • Role of a Chief Engineer for onboard training
  • Task and work load management
  • Ability to apply task and workload management
  • Workload Planning and coordination
  • Personnel assignment and Delegation
  • Time and resource Constraints
  • Prioritization
  • Knowledge and ability to apply effective resource management
  • Allocation, assignment, and prioritization of resources
  • Effective communication onboard and ashore
  • Communication is Understanding
  • Types of Communication
  • Interpersonal Communication
  • Importance of Feedback
  • Is Feedback Necessary
  • Formal and Informal Feedback
  • External and internal communication on board
  • Case Study: Informal Feedback
  • Decisions reflect consideration of team experience
  • Assertiveness and leadership, including motivation
  • Assertiveness
  • Assertiveness vs Aggressiveness
  • Body language
  • Three parts of effective assertive communication
  • Dealing with problems assertively
  • Being assertive amidst a problem
  • Being assertive amidst grief
  • Being assertive amidst a conflict.
  • Motivation
  • Ways of Motivation
  • Advantages of Motivation
  • Leadership
  • Characteristics of a Leader
  • Leadership Skills
  • Acquiring Leadership Skills
  • Obtaining and maintaining situation awareness
  • Situational Awareness
  • Process of Developing Situational Aware
  • Barriers to Situational Awareness
  • Loss of Situation Awareness
  • Human Error and SHELL model
  • SHELL Model for HRM
  • Errors and Error Chains
  • Domino Theory
  • The Reasons Model
  • Multiple Cause Theory
  • What are the Causes of accidents?
  • Recovering and Getting Back the Situational awareness
  • Conclusion
  • Decision-making techniques
  • Decision Making Process
  • Process of Decision Making
  • Four Types of Decision Makers
  • Situation and risk assessment
  • Situation and workplace environment
  • Evaluate the situation
  • Understanding Emergencies
  • Planning Emergency Response
  • Risk Management
  • IMO and Regulatory requirements
  • FSA-Risk management Steps
  • Hazards Identification
  • ALARP and the Risk Management Process
  • Techniques for risk assessment and analysis
  • Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
  • Event Tree Analysis (ETA)
  • Integration of FTA and ETA: The Bow tie model
  • Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA)
  • Risk Assessment for the Engine room
  • Structured Decision-Making Framework
  • Risk-Based Decision-Making Process
  • Decision Making and Self-Control
  • Risk assessment prior commencement of work.
  • Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control
  • Examples of Risk Assessment
  • Identify and consider generated options
  • Broadening the option by tapping into others creativity
  • story of MV HAPPY CARRIER
  • Selecting the course of action
  • PDCA cycle: the Happy Carrier story continues
  • Evaluation of outcome effectiveness
  • Outcome Effectiveness and Correction (Exercise on Outcome Effectiveness and Correction)
  • Recent amendments to SOLAS
  • Amendments to Merchant Shipping (MS) Act 1958 (last 5years)
  • Rules framed based on amendments
  • use of internal communication system
  • Operation of all internal communication system
  • Devices and Systems
  • Recent IMO measures to prevent Pollution
  • Global Warming and Climate Change
  • Carbon Credit, Kyoto Protocol
  • Low Sulfur fuel
  • Annex VI and Importance of proactive measures to protect the marine environment
  • Annex V I
  • Surveys
  • Issue or endorsement of Certificates
  • Detection of violations and enforcement
  • Ozone-Depleting Substances
  • Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
  • Sulphur Oxides (SOX) and particulate matter
  • Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
  • Shipboard Incineration
  • Fuel Oil availability and quality
  • Pollution Prevention methods
  • Sources and Effects of Marine Pollution
  • During bunkering
  • During loading/discharging Oil Cargo
  • During Tank Cleaning and Pumping out Bilges
  • Convention for Anti-fouling Systems (AFS)
  • SOLAS Chapter VII - Carriage of dangerous
  • Fire prevention / Fire Safety measures
  • Oil Tankers
  • Chemical Tankers
  • Firefighting on Liquefied gas tankers
  • Types of LNG Fires
  • Fire Detection and Protection
  • Fire Detection System
  • Fire Detectors and Alarms
  • Fire and Deck Wash System using Fire Pumps
  • Water - spray system
  • CO2System
  • Dry Chemical system
  • Dry Powder System
  • DP Deck System
  • Fixed fire-fighting foam
  • Portable fire extinguishers on LNG ship
  • Fire-fighting agents
  • Spill containment
  • Fire prevention and equipment
  • Fire Safety
  • Key Terms in fire safety
  • Flammability and explosion
  • Fire hazards
  • Flash point and Auto-ignition
  • Characteristics of LNG Fires
  • Water Curtain and Deck Spray
  • Summary Points on LNG Firefighting
  • Hi-Fog system
  • Safety of personnel and ship
  • Tribology in Marine Applications
  • Basics of Lubrication
  • Lubricants, types of Lubricants and Lubrication
  • Challenges in Lubrication of diesel engine
  • Friction, Wear and Lubrication in Marine Equipment
  • Friction, Wear and Lubrication in Rolling Bearings
  • Friction, Wear and Lubrication in Journal Bearings
  • Friction, Wear and Lubrication in Gears
  • Development in Cylinder Lubricating System
  • Alpha cylindrical lubricator system explained
  • Alpha Adaptive Cylinder Oil Control
  • Current Status of Fuel Technology
  • Treatments of Fuels
  • Pretreatment and Handling
  • Storage and Handling
  • Centrifuging and preparation
  • Blending-Changes in fuel system for different fuels
  • Oil Fuel Tanks
  • Injection pressure and viscosity
  • Use of Iow sulfur fuel
  • Change over procedures in dual fuel -LNG
  • Current version of ISO 8217 fuel standards
  • Propulsion plant and auxiliary machinery-Part (8)
  • Design features
  • Operative mechanism
  • Operation of machinery and associated auxilia
  • Surveillance
  • Performance assessment
  • Maintaining safety of propulsion plant and au:
  • Functions and mechanism of automatic control for main engine and auxiliary machinery
  • Dual fuel diesel engines
  • Advanced Technology in Shipbuilding
  • Materials
  • Engineering Materials used onboard
  • Materials used in Steam Plants
  • Materials used in Diesel Plants
  • Materials used for other Equipment and systems
  • Use of High Tensile Steel and Aluminium
  • Preservation of Strength of Aluminium super structure
  • Precautions against corrosion where Aluminium is connected to steel work
  • Sandwich Plate system
  • Treatment Overview
  • Introduction
  • Short History of SPS
  • Sandwich Plate System
  • Honeycomb Cores
  • Advantages of SPS Panels
  • SPS in Shipbuilding
  • SPS in Ship Repair
  • Design Principles
  • Estimation of Lightship Weight
  • Conclusion
  • Welding
  • Gas or Oxy fuel welding
  • Manual Electric arc welding
  • Automatic welding process
  • Electro -Slag
  • Electro-Gas
  • TIG
  • MIG
  • SAW
  • Resistance Welding
  • Butt, Lap and Fillet Welds
  • Preparation of plate edge for welding
  • Use of tack welding
  • Weld faults - lack of fusion, penetration, reinforcement, root penetration, slag incursion, porosity, overlap, undercut
  • Various Test for welds
  • Purpose of flux
  • Single pass, multi pass and Back run
  • Full penetration fillet weld
  • Distortion due to welding and measures to minimise them
  • Classification societies requires tests on weld materials and electrodes before approval
  • Developments in ship building
  • Some features in ship building
  • Joining Ship Sections Afloat
  • Goal-based construction standards for new ships
  • Advanced outfitting in ship building
  • Introduction
  • Approach and Limitations
  • Advanced Outfitting Concept
  • Concept of Unitisation
  • Block Outfitting Concept
  • Concept of Workstations-Work Breakdown Structure
  • Concept of Zone-Outfitting
  • Definition and Terminology
  • Modular Outfitting Approach
  • Advanced Outfitting
  • Fitting out ships
  • Current Practice
  • Unit Design
  • Advanced outfitting in shipyards
  • Overall Layout of the Shipyard
  • Design department in Advanced outfitting
  • Planning and material procurement in yard
  • Marshalling of Materials to outfitting
  • Advantages of Advanced Outfitting
  • Yard practices and ship board requirement:
  • Steel Ship Repair Practices and Processes
  • Repairs to Structural Damage
  • Role of a Ships Engineer in the Yard
  • On Board Repair of Ship Systems and Components
  • Work Safety on Board
  • Machinery fault diagnostics
  • Detection of machinery malfunction, Location of faults and action to prevent damage
  • Common Problems Found in Ships 2-Stroke marine engine
  • Common Problems Found in Pumps on board ship
  • Common Problems Found Auxiliary Engine
  • Common Problems Found Steering Gear Systems of ships
  • Inspection and Adjustment of Equipment relevant to marine engineering
  • Alignment of shafting
  • Chain and Gear drive inspection
  • Crankcase Inspection
  • Non-destructive testing
  • Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Magnetic Particle Testing
  • Ultrasonic Inspection
  • Radiographic Inspection
  • Eddy Current Testing
  • Instrumentation and Control Systems
  • Design Features and System Configuration of Automatic Control Equipment and Safety Devices
  • Main Engine
  • Control Theory
  • Changing Set Points
  • Basic Control System Design
  • Transfer Functions
  • First Order and Second Order System
  • Control System Stability
  • Natural Frequency and Control System
  • Time Lag and Time Constant
  • System Response
  • Tuning
  • System Response
  • Control Loop Tuning
  • Ziegler-Nichols Tuning Method
  • Cohen-Coon Tuning Method
  • Signal Transmission Systems
  • Digital Communication Bus Transmission system
  • Fibre Optic Signal Transmission System
  • Final Control Elements
  • Control Valve Trim
  • Selecting Control Valves and Their Actuators
  • Valve Sizing
  • Electronic PID Controllers
  • Single Loop Digital Controllers
  • Manual and Automatic Tuning of Electronic C
  • Monitoring and Control Systems
  • Boiler Water Level Control
  • Advanced Boiler Combustion Control
  • Diesel Engine Cooling Control
  • Main Engine Control for FP and CP Propeller
  • Alarm and Monitoring Systems
  • PLC and SCADA
  • Programmable Logic Controllers
  • PLC history
  • Constituent parts of the PLC & Size
  • Principles of operation
  • Response time of PLC
  • PLC applications
  • PLC Advantages
  • SCADA
  • Data Logging and Data Transfer
  • General Requirements of Automatic Control Equipment
  • Monitoring and Safety Systems
  • Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
  • Power Supply
  • System Independence and Local Control
  • Remote Control
  • Diesel Propulsion
  • Electronic, Electro-Pneumatic, Electro-Hydraulic and pneumatic
  • Electro-Pneumatic Controller
  • Types
  • Pneumatic Control
  • Electronic Control
  • Position Control
  • Speed Control
  • Electro-Hydraulic Controls
  • Exam Guide
  • Malfunctions - Alarm, Engine Slow Down, Engine stop
  • UMS Operations
  • Concept of Unattended Machinery Spaces
  • Requirements of IJMS
  • Bridge Control
  • Testing Regime for UMS
  • Software Version Control
  • Construction and Use of Computer Network on Ships for Bridge-Based Applications
  • Construction and Use of Computer Network on ships for Engine Room-Based and Commercial Applications
  • Generator and Distribution System
  • Instrumentation and Safety in Generator and C
  • Auxiliary Diesel Generator Alarm and Shut Down
  • Automatic Starting of Propulsion Auxiliaries
  • Steam Boiler
  • Alarms and Display for Failures
  • Feedwater High Salinity, High Water Level, Boiler Pressure High and Low and Super Heater Outlet
  • Temperature High, Fuel Pump Low Outlet Pressure, Heavy Fuel Temperature High and Low (or High and Low Viscosity)
  • Uptake High Temperature, Control System Power Failure and Atomization Steam / Air Pressure Low
  • Alarms, Display and Automatic Shutdown of Boiler for Failures
  • Low Water Level and Supply Air pressure failure
  • Ignition or Flame Failure
  • Hydraulic and pneumatic control equipment
  • Operation, Maintenance, troubleshooting restoration of electrical, electronic and control and monitoring equipment to operating conditions
  • High voltage system developments
  • Electrical motors
  • Maritime Labour Convention 2006
  • Working hours
  • Condition of employment
  • Food, Accommodation and Recreation
  • Health protection
  • Complaints and Enforcement
  • Flag state responsibilities
  • Port State Responsibilities
  • Labor-Supplying responsibilities
  • Occupational Health and Safety
  • Compliance and enforcement of the Convention
  • Leadership and Managerial skills
  • Shipboard personnel management and training
  • Stress and Fatigue Management
  • How to cope with stress
  • Nurture yourself
  • Prioritize and organize
  • Be practical
  • Fatigue Management
  • Understanding Fatigue
  • Incidents on Board
  • Causes of Fatigue
  • Effects of Fatigue
  • How can you Protect Yourself from the Onset of Fatigue?
  • What Rules and Regulations are in Place to Prevent and Deal with Fatigue?
  • Case Study - Hours of rest
  • Task and work load management
  • Planning and coordination
  • Personnel assignment and Delegation
  • Time and resource Constraints
  • Prioritization
  • Ability to apply effective resource management
  • Allocation of resources
  • Effective communication onboard and ashore
  • Communication is Understanding
  • Types of Communication
  • Interpersonal Communication
  • Importance of Feedback
  • Is Feedback Necessary
  • Formal and Informal Feedback
  • External and Internal Communication on b
  • Case Study: Informal Feedback
  • Decisions reflect consideration of team experience
  • Assertiveness and leadership, including motivation
  • Assertiveness
  • Assertiveness vs Aggressiveness
  • Body language
  • Three parts of effective assertive comm
  • Dealing with problems assertively
  • Being assertive amidst a problem
  • Being assertive amidst grief
  • Being assertive amidst a conflict.
  • Motivation
  • Ways of Motivation
  • Advantages of Motivation
  • Leadership
  • Characteristics of a Leader
  • Leadership Skills
  • Acquiring Leadership Skills
  • Obtaining and maintaining situation awareness
  • Situational Awareness
  • Process of Developing Situational Awareness
  • Barriers to Situational Awareness
  • Loss of Situation Awareness
  • Human Error and SHELL model
  • SHELL Model for HRM
  • Errors and Error Chains
  • Domino Theory
  • The Reasons Model
  • Multiple Cause Theory
  • What are the Causes of accidents?
  • Recovering and Getting Back the Situation
  • Conclusion
  • To be changed-Case Study: Human EIE
  • Risk Assessment and Management
  • Ability to apply decision-making techniques
  • Decision Making Process
  • Process of Decision Making
  • Four Types of Decision Makers
  • Situation and risk assessment
  • Situation and workplace environment
  • Evaluate the situation
  • Understanding Emergencies
  • Planning Emergency Response
  • Risk Management
  • Risk management methods and principles
  • Managing Risk
  • Assessing Risk
  • Risk assessment methods
  • IMO and Regulatory requirements
  • FSA-Risk management Steps
  • Hazards Identification
  • ALARP and the Risk Management Process
  • Techniques for risk assessment and analysis
  • Fault Tree Analysis (ETA)
  • Event Tree Analysis (ETA)
  • Integration of FTA and ETA: The Bow Ti
  • Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FME}
  • Structured Decision-Making Framework
  • Risk-based Decision-Making Process
  • Decision Making and Self-Control
  • Risk Assessment Prior Commencement of Work
  • Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment
  • Identify and consider generated options
  • Broadening the Option by Tapping into others’ Creativity
  • story of MV HAPPY CARRIER
  • Selecting the course of action
  • PDCA cycle: the Happy Carrier story continues
  • Evaluation of outcome effectiveness
  • Outcome Effectiveness and Correction: Boile
  • Development, implementation, and oversight of standard operating equipment
  • Implementation and oversight of SOP
  • ISM/SOP Procedures
  • Training Manual and Training Aids
  • Instructions for onboard maintenance
  • Muster List and Emergency Instructions
  • Risk assessment and management during machinery overhaul
  • Risk Assessment for the Engine room
  • Examples of Risk Assessment
  • Certification and Surveys
  • Renewal Survey
  • Harmonized system of ship survey and certification
  • More on Surveys and Summary
  • List of Certificates Required on Board ship Relating to Harmonized System of Survey and Certification
  • Enhanced special survey program (ESP)
  • Machinery breakdown/personal injury Case Studies
  • CASE STUDIES AND EXERCISES FOR MAJOR
  • Machinery breakdown/personal injury Case Studies
  • Machinery breakdowns/ incidents and hazardous occurrences /Accident investigation for recent Major shipping casualties.
  • Case studies and exercises
  • Different Case Studies and lessons
  • Different Case Studies and lessons
  • Case study

STCW 1978 as amended in 2010

STCW 1978 as amended in 2010

 

Specific Learning Objectives

 

After completing this topic, you will be able to understand

  •  Background to STCW
  •  The Need for Revision
  •  Overview of the Revised STCW Convention
  •  Process Review
  •  International Instruments
  •  General objectives
  •  Certification of Fishermen and for High Speed Craft
  •  STCW Certificate Requirements
  •  National Legislative and Administrative Framework

 

The International Convention of  Standards of Training, Certification and Watch Keeping (STCW) for seafarers was adopted with the main purpose to promote safety of life and property at sea, and the protection of Marine environment by establishing a common agreement between the participating countries.

 

Adoption: 7 July 1978; Entry into force: 28 April 1984 - Major revisions in 1995 and 2010

 

The STCW convention prescribes minimum standards relating to Training, Certification and Watch keeping for seafarers, which countries are obliged to meet or exceed. It has eight chapters.

  • Chapter I: General provisions
  • Chapter II: Master and deck department
  • Chapter III: Engine department
  • Chapter IV: Radio communication and radio personnel
  • Chapter V: Special training requirements for personnel on certain types of ships
  • Chapter VI: Emergency, occupational safety, medical care and survival functions
  • Chapter VII: Alternative certification
  • Chapter VIII: Watch keeping

 

These broadly cover the following areas:

  • Competency of seafarers, with special training requirements for those manning specialized vessels
  • Training and certification
  • Alternative certification allowing certification in more than one field
  • Ensuring continuous monitoring of training and certification procedures and facilities
  • Use of simulators in training
  • Re-validation of competency certificates
  • Prevention of fatigue among watch keepers
  • Investigation and disciplinary action against certified personnel endangering safety or the environment
  • Exercise of Port State Control to allow intervention in the case of deficiencies
  • Use of English as the language of communication

 

Governments are required to provide detailed information to IMO concerning administrative measures taken to ensure compliance with the convention, education and training courses, certification procedures and other factors. This was the first time IMO was called upon to act in relation to compliance and implementation.

 

The Convention contains basic requirements which are then elaborated upon and explained in the STCW code. Part A of the code contains the minimum standards of competence required for seagoing personnel and is mandatory, while Part B contains implementation guidelines and is recommended.

 

STCW 1995 as Amended:  STCW was first adopted in 1978. It was amended in 1995. STCW78/95 comprises of two parts. Part A is about the Convention itself and Part B comprises of the STCW Code.

  • Part A is mandatory. It requires members to be in compliance with the STCW conventions.
  • Part B provides guidelines to how to implement, apply and enforce this Convention so that there is uniformity in application, STCW78 to STCW95 - THE CHANGES MADE

Changes were made to STCW78 in the following areas

  • 1991 - Related to GMDSS
  • 1994 - Related to special training for Tanker personnel
  • 1995 - Related to final acts of STCW

 

RESPONSIBILITIES OF OPERATORS

 

STCW95 places responsibilities on operators/owners/companies to ensure that

  • Each crew must have relevant certificate
  • Ships are manned in compliance with safe manning requirements
  • All seafarers' documentation and data are readily available/accessible
  • Seafarers are familiar with their duties and equipment relevant to their designation/role they are given
  • Ship's complement should be able to work effectively in an emergency, perform functions relevant to the safety of the ship and prevention sea pollution
  • Establish and enforce rest periods to prevent fatigue

 

TRAINING REQUIREMENTS

 

All seafarers must attend the following Familiarization training

Basic Safety Training

  • Personal Survival Technique
  • Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting
  • Elementary First Aid
  • Personal Safety and Social Responsibilities

 

Additionally, all officers must attend

  • Advanced Fire Fighting
  • Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats
  • Medical care

 

For those (officers and ratings) sailing on Tankers

  • Fire Fighting
  • At least 3 months approved sailing time on tankers OR
  • Attend an approved tanker familiarization course

 

For Master, C/O, C/E and 2/E sailing on tankers

  • Advanced Fire Fighting
  • Worked on tankers (period specified by Administrations)
  • An approved Advanced Tanker Course

 

STCW 2010

 

The Manila amendments to the STCW Convention and Code were adopted on 25 June 2010, marking a major revision of the STCW Convention and Code. The 2010 amendments entered into force on 1 January 2012..  This is a major revision of the STCW Convention and Code. Among the amendments adopted, the important changes include:

  • Improved measures to prevent fraudulent practices associated with certificates of competency and strengthen the evaluation process 
  • Revised requirements on hours of work and rest and new requirements for the prevention of drug and alcohol abuse, as well as updated standards relating to medical fitness standards for seafarers
  • New certification requirements for able seafarers
  • New requirements relating to training in modern technology such as electronic charts and information systems (ECDIS)
  • New requirements for marine environment awareness training and training in leadership and teamwork
  • New training and certification requirements for electro-technical officers
  • Updating of competence requirements for personnel serving on board all types of tankers, including new requirements for personnel serving on liquefied gas tankers
  • New requirements for security training, as well as provisions to ensure that seafarers are properly trained to cope if their ship comes under attack by pirates
  • Introduction of modern training methodology including distance learning and web-based learning
  • New training guidance for personnel serving on board ships operating in polar waters
  • New training guidance for personnel operating Dynamic Positioning Systems.

 

STCW 95 , from IMO, provides more details about the convention and the code.

STCW 2010  issued by International Shipping Federation (ISF), provides a quick look at the Manila Amendments.

 

Related Statutory Certificates

  • Certificate of Competency with endorsements
  • Records of Revalidation and Training.

 

 

    

An important feature of the STCW Convention is that it applies to ships of non-party states when visiting ports of states, which are Parties to the Convention. The difficulties, which could arise for ships of states that are not Parties to the Convention, is one reason why the Convention has received such wide acceptance. By December 2000, the STCW Convention had 135 parties, representing 97.53 percent of world shipping tonnage.