SAFE Working Practices

Course Topics

  • Introduction
  • Personal Protective Equipments
  • Precautions for Handling Chemicals on Board
  • Precautions for Hot Work on Board
  • Precautions for Enclosed Space Entry
  • Precautions for Working on Electrical Circuits
  • Precautions for Working Aloft or Over-side
  • SWP related to ME Maintenance
  • Lathe Machine Operation ~ SWP's
  • Gas Cutting on Board ~ SWP's
  • Welding on Board ~ SWP's
  • Using Engine Room Crane ~ SWP's


Safe Working Culture on Board Ships ~ 


  • A very effective way to prevent accidents is to EXAMINE likelihood of injury, damage or loss of life.
  • Examine WHAT can be done to prevent such injury, damage or loss.
  • Identify unsafe Procedures and Hazards that may have become accepted as a NORMAL practice.
  • Safety awareness ensures the Best Practice is ALWAYS followed.
  • Will raise awareness of the crew to the DANGERS surrounding them while at work.


Factors influencing the Development of a Credible Safety Culture:


  • Attitude to work
  • Encouragement in promoting safety and prevention of  accidents
  • Recruitment of competent crew
  • Working hours and fatigue
  • Shore based management Support
  • Commercial pressures
  • Cutting corners to save money


Solutions to ensure the development of a effective Safe Working Culture:


  • Training and Drills
  • Sharing near miss experiences
  • Encouraging crew to think and contribute ideas
  • Encourage crew to challenge decisions
  • Encourage to plan for the unexpected


 In simple words:


  • Be aware
  • Be alert
  • Keep it simple
  • Use common sense
  • Sustain the process of Risk Assessment
  • Document TOOL BOX meetings.




  1. Ensure adequate illumination at work place.
  2. Lash and Secure all loose equipment especially prior heavy weather.
  3. All passages and exits to be kept clear always.
  4. Warning Notices to be put up and guards to be installed when floor plates are removed for any work.
  5. While working on elevated places, all safety precautions to be observed. Inspect ladders / lifting gear, use safety belt, have assistance and complete working aloft checklist.
  6. Clean up any Oil Spill immediately.
  7. Always Isolate and Check Circuits prior any work on switchgear and motors.
  8. All E/Room personnel should have knowledge of all Escape Routes from the E/Room and should be able to distinguish the various alarms with special reference to CO2 alarm.
  9. Never try to lift very heavy objects on your own. Use Lifting Equipment or get assistance.
  10. Use correct sized spanners to avoid injury to user & damage to fastenings.
  11. Duct Keel Entrances and Steering Compartment Entrance to be kept closed and securely dogged down when not in use.


Reference ~ COSWP for Merchant Seafarer's-2015 & MAIB (Marine Accident Investigation Bureau) reports.