Meo Class Iv Competencies
Function: Marine Engineering at the operational level
Competence 1: Maintain a safe engineering watch
- 1.01 List or orally explain the reasons an officer in charge of the engineering watch shall not hand over the watch to the relieving officer
- 1.02 Explain the standing orders and special instructions of the chief engineer officer relating to the operation of the ships systems and machinery
- 1.03 Explain the nature of all work being performed on machinery and systems, the personnel involved and potential hazards
- 1.04 Determine the level and, where applicable, the condition of water or residues in bilges, ballast tanks, slop tanks, reserve tanks, fresh water tanks, sewage tanks and any special requirements for use or disposal of the contents thereof
- 1.05 Determine the condition and level of fuel in the reserve tanks, setting tank, day tank, and other fuel storage facilities
- 1.06 Determine any special requirements relating to sewage system disposals and the acceptable alternatives for such disposals for the duration of the voyage
- 1.07 Determine the condition and mode of operation of the various main and auxiliary systems, including the electrical power distribution system
- 1.08 Determine, where applicable, the condition of monitoring and control console equipment, and which equipment is being operated manually
- 1.09 Describe potential adverse conditions that could result from bad weather, ice, contaminated water, or shallow water
- 1.10 Determine, where applicable, the condition and mode of operation of automatic boiler controls such as flame safeguard control systems, limit control systems, combustion control systems, fuel supply control systems, and other equipment related to the operation of steam boilers and explain the function of each
- 1.11 Determine any special modes of operation dictated by equipment failure or adverse ships conditions and describe how various equipment failures or adverse ship condition could potentially dictate special modes of operation
- 1.12 Receive reports from engine-room ratings relating to their assigned duties and describe the reports to the assessor
- 1.13 Determine the availability of fire-fighting appliances and describe procedures to be undertaken in case of fire
- 1.14 Describe the established watch keeping arrangements and the functions of ratings forming part of the engineering watch
- 1.15 Operate the propulsion equipment in response to needs for changes in direction or speed
- 1.16 Determine and describe all preventive maintenance, damage control, or repair operations to be performed during the engineering watch. Describe how all Machinery to be worked on is isolated, bypassed, or adjusted. Record all work carried out on the watch.
- 1.17 Inspect the machinery in the charge of the officer in charge of the engineering watch. Describe the condition of all such machinery
- 1.18 Make rounds of the machinery Make rounds of the machinery and steering-gear spaces for the purpose of observing and reporting equipment malfunctions or breakdowns and performing routine adjustments, required upkeep, and other necessary tasks under direction. Describe potential malfunctions and breakdowns
- 1.19 Describe special watch-keeping precautions to be taken under adverse conditions in rough seas, restricted visibility, coastal and congested waters, and at anchor
- 1.20 Describe the procedure for taking over the engineering watch in port
- 1.21 Describe the procedures for performing the engineering watch in port
- 1.22 Review the engine-room log and describe its contents
- 1.23 Record all events related in the main and auxiliary machinery which have occurred during the engineering watch
- 1.24 Describe duties associated with handing over watch
- 1.25 Describe safety and emergency procedures; change-over of remote/automatic to local control of all systems
- 1.26 Describe action that would be necessary in case of damage resulting from equipment breakdown, fire, flooding, rupture, collision, grounding, or other cause in order to contain the effects.
- 1.27 Describe safety precautions to be observed during a watch and immediate actions to be taken in the event of fire or accident, with particular reference to oil systems
- 1.28 Describe the organizational structure of engine room manning with the assigned duties Concept of E/R resource management and Safe Manning Requirement
- 1.29 Appreciate the use of necessary engine room resources allocation in correct priority Job assignment and Workload Management
- 1.30 Describe communication identifying barriers and breakdowns in communication while on-board. Effective communications
- 1.31 Describe assertiveness and leadership, role of leader, followers, situation while working in engine room. Work Planning, Co-operation and Teamwork
- 1.32 Describe present state of associated systems and external environment effecting operational efficiency of engine room Consideration of team experience. Crisis Management and Human Behaviour in crisis. Working in multi & cross cultural environment
- 1.33 Use Case studies related to situational awareness and team experience in engine room operation
Competence 2: Use English in written and oral form
- 2.01 Use engineering publications, operational manuals and fault finding instructions written in English.
- 2.02 Fill in standard engineering reports and forms in English
- 2.03 Communicate with members of the watch, in a multilingual crew, in safety related duties
Competence 3: Use internal communication systems
- 3.01 Use appropriate intercommunication system which would include ship's telephone system, communication system between engine room and wheel house, two-way communication system and public address systems.
- 3.02 Identify all escape routes from the machinery spaces
- 3.03 Describe the various engine-room alarm systems and distinguish between the various alarms, especially the fire-extinguishing media alarm
- Competence 4: Operate main and auxiliary machinery and associated control systems
- 4.01 Understand and solve mathematical problems on Complex Numbers, Matrices, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus, Fourier Series, Ordinary Differential Equations ,Partial Differential Equations ,Laplace Transforms, Vector Calculus, Calculus of Finite Differences, Probability, Probability Distributions and Probability Densities, Special Probability Densities, Sampling Theory, Regression and Correlation, Reliability theory; Demonstrate the analytical ability of various components
- 4.02 Understand thermodynamic theory including Thermodynamic Definitions, Properties of Gases, The Second Law of Thermodynamics, Steam and Two Phase System, Ideal Gas Cycles , Fundamentals of Heat Transfer, Gas Dynamics, Gas Turbine Plants, Reciprocating Compressors, Rotary Compressors, Steam cycle, Application of Heat Transfer; and solve problems based on above Demonstrate the analytical ability of various components
- 4.03 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of Marine Diesel Engine including classification of engines, two & four stroke cycles, spark & compression ignition engines, general description & constructional details of Diesel engines and its parts. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions
- 4.04 Prepare main machinery for departure. All checks and actions are carried out in accordance with laid down instructions and all main auxiliary and control systems are functioning properly. All relevant checks and actions are recorded
- 4.05 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of Marine Steam Turbine including Impulse & Reaction Turbine, Compounding, Efficiencies, Marine turbine plant. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions
- 4.06 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of Marine Gas Turbine including Gas dynamics, Gas cycles, Efficiency, Marine Gas Plant. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions
- 4.07 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of Marine Boilers including Types of Boilers, Construction and operation of boilers and associated systems, mountings, water treatment. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions
- 4.08 Operate steam boilers, including combustion control and burner management system The equipment is operated in accordance with instructions and good practice. All instruments are monitored, necessary adjustments made and required actions taken on and properly recorded
- 4.09 Control steam boiler water level. Water level is checked in accordance with instruction manual and good practice and necessary action is taken when water level is abnormal
- 4.10 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of Shafting installations and propellers including types of shafting, bearings, alignment, removing and fitting of propeller, Thrusters. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions
- 4.11 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of other auxiliaries including various pumps, air compressors, purifiers, Fresh Water generator, Heat Exchanger, Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and ventilation systems. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions
- 4.12 Prepare auxiliary machinery for operation. Pre-calibration of measuring equipments as per norm. All checks and actions are carried out in accordance with laid down instructions and all auxiliary and control systems are functioning properly. All relevant checks and actions are recorded
- 4.13 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of different types of Steering gears including regulatory requirements. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions. Require knowledge from SOLAS 4.14 Prepare and test steering gear for departure. All checks and actions are carried out in accordance with laid down instructions and all control systems are functioning properly. All relevant checks and actions are recorded. Documents of port state control
- 4.14 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of various automatic control systems. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions. Calibration/Characteristics of various equipments
- 4.15 Describe and explain the fluid flow and characteristics of lubricating oil, fuel oil and cooling systems including viscosity, hydrostatics, and kinematics of fluid flow, dynamics of fluid flow, flow through pipes, laminar and turbulent flow. Theoretical understanding of various properties of Lubricating and Fuel Oils used onboard
- 4.16 Describe the basic construction and operating principle of various deck machineries including deck cranes, mooring/anchor handling equipment, hatch covers, lifeboat davit and their associated hydraulic systems. Construction and operating mechanisms can be understood and explained with drawings /instructions
- 4.17 Describe the safety and emergency procedures for operation of propulsion plant machinery and control systems. Operations are planned and carried out in accordance with operating manuals, established rules and procedures to ensure safety of operations and avoid pollution of the marine environment
- 4.18 Describe the preparation, operation, fault detection and necessary measures to prevent damage to the main engine, associated auxiliaries and control systems, Monitoring various parameters for machinery to run up to rated condition. Identify the parameters deviating from normal conditions. Various causes of machinery malfunctions are understood and actions are designed to ensure the overall safety of the ship and the plant, having regard to the prevailing circumstances and conditions
- 4.19 Describe the preparation, operation, fault detection and necessary measures to prevent damage to the steam boilers, associated auxiliaries, steam systems and control systems
- 4.20 Describe the preparation, operation, fault detection and necessary measures to prevent damage to the Auxiliary Prime Movers, associated systems and control systems. Monitoring various parameters for machinery to run up to rated condition. Identify the parameters deviating from normal conditions. Various causes of machinery malfunctions are understood and actions to ensure the overall safety of the ship and the plant, having regard to the prevailing circumstances and conditions
- 4.21 Describe the preparation, operation, fault detection and necessary measures to prevent damage to the auxiliaries including refrigeration, air conditioning and ventilation systems
Competence 5: Operate fuel, lubrication, ballast and other pumping systems and associated control systems
- 5.01 Understand mechanics of fluids covering Properties; Hydrostatics; Kinematics & dynamics of fluid flow; Flow through pipes; Laminar & turbulent flow Analytical and Theoretical demonstration of various characteristics of fluid
- 5.02 Describe Operational characteristics of pumps and piping systems including control systems of different types of pumps. Analytical proof of Characteristics of Hydro-dynamic and positive displacement pumps The operations are planned and carried out in accordance with operating manuals, established rules and procedures to ensure safety of operations and avoid pollution of the marine environment. Deviations from the norm are promptly identified and appropriate action taken
- 5.03 Knowledge of different pumping systems and operations including regulatory requirements and procedures. Describe by sketches of bilge and ballast pumping systems. Operations are planned and carried out in accordance with established rules and procedures to ensure safety of operations and avoid pollution of the marine environment
- 5.04 Operate fuel-pumping, including transfer system
- 5.05 Describe cargo pumping systems on board liquid cargo ship
- 5.06 Operate bilge and ballast pumping systems
- 5.07 Describe requirements and operation of oily water separator and other similar equipment. Describe the constructional and operational details of oily water separator. Operations are planned and carried out in accordance with established rules and procedures to ensure safety of operations and avoid pollution of the marine environment
Function: Electrical, electronic and control engineering at the operational level
Competence 6 : Operate electrical, electronic and control systems
- 6.01 Understand the principle of generation of EMF and Distribution of Power Analytical proof
- 6.02 Describe the process of preparing, Starting, paralleling and changing over of generators, Operations are planned in accordance with established procedures and instructions
- 6.03 Understand the principle of rotating magnetic field and application to various types of motors. Describe the starting methodologies of various types of motors Analytical proof of rotating magnetic field. Sketch and describe of various starting methodologies
- 6.04 Describe HV switch sear, distribution and equipments. List precautions required for operation of HV system Code of safe working practice. Ship's manuals and rules by classification societies
- 6.05 Describe the sequential control of various circuits & associated system devices Ship's manuals and class rules
- 6.06 Understand the characteristics of basic electronic circuit elements Analytical proof
- 6.07 Prepare flowcharts for automatic control systems Analytical proof
- 6.08 Describe the various methodologies of automatic control systems. Understand the theories of various control methodologies. Analytical proof
- 6.09 Describe the PID control characteristics and associated system devices for process control Analytical proof. Descriptions of equipments with the help of sketches
- 6.10 Describe main engine throttle control system. Sketch and describe major components by block diagram and explanation of operation individual equipments including alternate means of controlling throttle
- 6.11 Describe electronic steering gear control system. Sketch and describe of major components and explanation of operation including alternate means of controlling steering. SOLAS requirements of steering system
Competence 7: Maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic equipment
- 7.01 Describe the safety requirements for working on shipboard electrical systems including safe isolation of electrical equipment required before personnel are permitted to work on such equipment Selection and use of hand tools , measuring instruments, testing equipment are appropriate and interpretation of results is accurate
- 7.02 Carry out maintenance and repair of electrical system equipment, switchboards, electric motors, generator and DC electrical systems and equipment Dismantling, inspecting, repairing and reassembling equipment are in accordance with manuals and good practice
- 7.03 Carry out detection of electric malfunction, location of faults and measures to prevent damage Demonstration the ability of fault detection
- 7.04 Describe construction and operation of electrical test and measuring equipment Analytical assessment
- 7.05 Describe the function and performance tests and configuration of monitoring systems, automatic control devices and protective devices Reassembling and performance testing is in accordance with manuals and good practice
- 7.06 Reading and understanding of electrical and simple electronic drawings Demonstration the ability of identifying the symbols and reading of drawings
Function: Maintenance and repair at the operational level
Competence 8: Appropriate use of hand tools, machine tools and measuring instruments for fabrication and repair on board
- 8.01 Describe the characteristics and limitations of materials used in construction and repair of ships and\equipment Theoretical proof for the requirement of various materials used onboard. Selection of material is appropriate Fabrication is to designated tolerances Use of equipment, and hand tools, machine tools and measuring instruments is appropriate and safe
- 8.02 Select and use appropriate material. Properties and characteristics of various materials
- 8.03 Describe the characteristics and limitations of processes used for fabrication and repair Understanding demonstrated
- 8.04 Describe/Practice the properties and parameters considered in the fabrication and repair of systems and components Understanding demonstrated
- 8.05 Describe the application of safe working practices in the workshop environment Understanding of Code of Safe Working Practice
- 8.06 Describe the methods for carrying out safe emergency / temporary repairs Understanding of Code of Safe Working Practice
- 8.07 Describe the safety measures to be taken to ensure a safe working environment and for using hand tools, machine tools and measuring instruments Understanding of Code of Safe Working Practice
- 8.08 Describe the use of hand tools, machine tools and measuring instruments Demonstration and Practice of hand tools
- 8.09 Select and use hand tools for Dismantling, inspecting, repairing & reassembling equipment. Demonstrate the suitability of various tools for various functions like disassembly, reassembly repair
- 8.10 Select and use special tools for work on specific machinery & equipment i.e., pumps, purifiers, reducers. Demonstrate and analytical reasons of using special tools for various equipments
- 8.11 Use machine tools and equipment for fabrication and repairs. Demonstration of matching, fitting, drilling etc.
- 8.12 Select and use general and special measuring equipment. Understanding and demonstration of calibration of measuring tools. Describe the various terms of measuring tools
- 8.13 Locate and use relevant manuals and interpret drawings, diagrams, sketches and instructions. The instructions, drawings and diagrams relevant for the job are quickly identified and properly used
- 8.14 Locate and interpret relevant manuals. The selected manuals, drawings and diagrams are appropriate and quickly located
- 8.15 Select test and use measuring equipment. Selection of test and measuring equipment is appropriate and safe
- 8.16 Use and interpret test and measuring equipment reading. Use of test and measuring equipment is appropriate and interpretation of results is accurate
- 8.17 Evaluate the necessity for taking corrective action with or without assistance. Selection of proper equipment and procedures for the conduct of repair and maintenance is in accordance with manuals and good practice
- 8.18 Repair faults and correct malfunctions. The situation is assessed correctly and the action taken is acceptable. Commissioning and performance testing of equipment and systems brought back into service after repair is in accordance with manuals and good practice
- 8.19 Describe the use of various types of sealants and packing’s Description of various seals and packing’s. Understanding the effectiveness and limitation of various seals and pickings
Competence 9: Maintenance and repair of shipboard machinery and equipment
- 9.01 Locate and use relevant manuals and interpret drawings, sketches and instructions. The instructions and drawings relevant for the job are quickly identified and properly used
- 9.02 Select and use special tools for work on machinery and equipment. Correct tools are chosen and used without causing any damage to machinery or equipment
- 9.03 Use machine tools and equipment for fabrication and repairs. The selected tools and material are suitable for the parts to be fabricated and the work is carried out within the designed tolerances
- 9.04 Ensure safety for all persons working on plant or equipment. Isolation, dismantling and re-assembly of plant and equipment are in accordance with accepted practices and procedures to ensure safety of operations
- 9.05 Use turning gear, place notice, record and take all safety precautions. Safe Working Practice
- 9.06 Carry out a crank case inspection of main engine and make a written report. Work is carried out with manufactures recommendation or acceptable practices
- 9.07 Take readings of crankshaft deflections of main engine. Work is carried out with manufactures recommendation or acceptable practices
- 9.08 Change, inspect, check condition, wear and clearances, overhaul and test fuel injectors and high pressure pumps, air starting, relief and exhaust valves, of main engine Work is carried out according to the instructions of the manufacture’s manual and the necessary safety criteria
- 9.09 Overhaul and change, if necessary of all diesel engine components. Work is carried out according to the instructions of the manufacturers’ manual and the necessary safety criteria. The clearances are correctly adjusted
- 9.10 Take a boiler out of service. Blow a boiler down. Open up a boiler, inspection of internals and externals, testing of mountings, raising of steam. Task is carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and accepted practices. Necessary safety criteria are taken care of
- 9.11 Undertake overhauling of all deck mounted machinery and survival equipment. The work is carried out in accordance with the instructions of the manufacturer’s manual and the necessary safety precautions
- 9.12 Undertake routine checks and tests steering gear. Perform in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations. Follow manufacturer’s recommendations or acceptable engineering practice
- 9.13 Describe safety measures to be taken for repair and maintenance including safe isolation of shipboard machinery and equipment required before personnel are permitted to work on such machinery or equipment Safety Working Practice
- 9.14 Describe appropriate basic mechanical knowledge and skills Analytical proof of Engineering Mechanics and Material science
- 9.15 Maintenance and repair such as dismantling, adjustment and reassembling of machinery and equipment Safety Working Practice
- 9.16 Describe the use of appropriate specialized tools and measuring instruments Understand the requirement of various special tools and safe working practice
- 9.17 Describe the design characteristics and selection of materials in construction of equipment Selection of materials as required by the system considering the physical properties and design aspects
- 9.18 Demonstrate the interpretation of machinery drawings and handbooks. The interpretation of piping, hydraulic and pneumatic diagrams Understanding the basics of engineering drawing, and assembly machinery drawing
Function: Controlling the operation of the ship and care for persons on board at the operational level
Competence 10: Ensure compliance with pollution prevention requirements
- 10.01 Understand the importance of preserving marine environment; describe sources of marine pollution, including accidental and operational. Understanding is demonstrated
- 10.02 Ensure that procedures are agreed and observed and all scuppers are blocked before bunkering. The operations are fully observed, all scuppers are blocked and pipes and hoses inspected before bunkering takes place
- 10.03 Carry out bilge, ballast and bunkering operations as per the applicable rules and regulations and record the activities appropriately. All operations are carried out in accordance with MARPOL requirements and due regard paid to Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP)
- 10.04 During relevant drills initiate immediate investigation to detect the source of pollution. All available resources are utilized to detect the source and the master or appropriate authorities are informed
- 10.05 During relevant drills stop or prevent leakages and spills of harmful liquids and solid substances. The situation is thoroughly assessed and the actions taken are well organized and exercised with due consideration taken to the extent of the pollution
- 10.06 Have all tanks and compartments sounded if any damage is suspected. The soundings are readily available
- 10.07 Describe all anti-pollution equipment and related procedures. According to national regulations and international conventions
- 10.08 Appreciate the importance of initiating proactive measures to protect the marine environment Actions to ensure that a positive environmental reputation is maintained
Competence 11: Maintain seaworthiness of the ship
- 11.01 Calculate stability, trim and stresses using stability trim, and stress tables, diagrams and stress calculating equipment. Ensure that stability conditions comply with the IMO intact stability criteria under all conditions of loading
- 11.02 Understand the theories of Resistance, Powering and Propeller. Describe the various types of propellers Speed Resistance characteristics, definitions of various resistances, theories of propeller thrust, types of propellers used in marine
- 11.03 Understand fundamentals of watertight integrity Lost Buoyancy and effect on stability
- 11.04 During relevant drills take actions to ensure and maintain the watertight integrity of the ship. Actions to ensure and maintain the watertight integrity of the ship are in accordance with accepted practice
- 11.05 Inspect hull and hull openings, compartments, hatch covers, equipment and complement and take action if any defects are detected. The inspection is properly carried out, due regards paid to the prevailing circumstances and areas where defects are most likely to occur. Any defect is immediately reported and recorded and the suggested or executed action is adequate for the situation
- 11.06 Ensure that all loose objects are securely fastened to avoid damage. Inspection is carried out at regular intervals and more frequently in heavy weather or if other incidents occur. Heavy or otherwise dangerous objects are given the highest priority and good seamanship exercised
- 11.07 Arrange for regular control measures to ensure watertight integrity. Peaks, bilges, tanks and other compartments are sounded regularly, the results recorded and any irregularities reported and examined further
- 11.08 Knowledge of fundamental actions to be taken in the event of partial loss of intact buoyancy. Remedial measures to regain lost buoyancy
- 11.09 List general knowledge of the principal structural members of a ship and the proper names for the various parts Name the various structural members
Competence 12: Prevent, control and fight fires on board
- 12.01 Demonstrate ability to act and organize fire drills in accordance with the fire-fighting plan. During debriefing after an exercise or a real fire extinguishing action the reasons for each action taken, including the priority in which they were taken, are explained and accepted as the most appropriate
- 12.02 During relevant drills carry out rescue operations wearing breathing apparatus. The breathing apparatus is tested and used in accordance with manufacturers manual and the operation is successful
- 12.03 Ensure that all persons on watch are able to detect and correct hazardous situations and actions and keep the ship clean and tidy. Watch personnel make regular inspections in areas exposed to ignition. Easily inflammable material is put in safe places. The watch demonstrate an attitude of alertness and readiness to respond to fires
- 12.04 Make the watch locate and use fire-fighting appliances and emergency escape routes and sounds alarm. Every person on watch can use portable or otherwise adequate fire extinguishers for small fires, demonstrate ability to find emergency escape routes and raise the alarm
- 12.05 Describe classes of fire and chemistry of fire. Reasons of dividing the fire in various classes and chemical reactions
- 12.06 Acquire knowledge of fixed and portable fire fighting systems description and operation of various fire fighting systems
- 12.07 Operate fire and smoke detecting equipment. The equipment is tested and operated in accordance with manufacturer’s manuals and ship-specific instructions
- 12.08 Locate fire-stations and demonstrate proper use of fixed installations and other fire-fighting appliances and agents. All stations are located and the most suitable one selected in the event of a fire. Proper equipment and extinguishing agents selected for the various materials on fire
- 12.09 Locate and use fire-protective equipment (fireman’s outfit, including breathing apparatus) The equipment is quickly donned and use in a way that no accidents are likely to occur
- 12.10 Demonstrate actions that have to be taken in the event of fire, including fires involving oil systems Appropriate actions are taken
Competence 13 : Operate life-saving appliances
- 13.01 Organize abandon ship drills. On sounding the alarm all persons meet at the designated life-boat station wearing life jackets or immersion suits and carry out their duties on request
- 13.02 Demonstrate the ability to organize and supervise the launching, handling and recovery of lifeboat. Correct orders for embarkation, launching, immediately clearing the ship’s side, safely handling the boat under motor, oars or sail as appropriate, and safe boat recovery
- 13.03 Demonstrate the ability to organize and supervise the launching or throwing overboard a life raft and maneuver it clear of ship’s side. The duties for the persons designated for the rafts are clearly allocated and orders efficiently executed
- 13.04 Demonstrate proper use of radio life-saving appliances, satellite EPIRB’s and SARTs. Equipment is operated in accordance with manufacturer’s instruction
- 13.05 Ensure rations on board survival craft are adequate. Food and water are sufficient for the survival craft designated complement
- 13.06 Ensure that equipment on board survival craft is adequate. Equipment such as pyrotechnics, signalling equipment, all meet regulatory requirements
Competence 14 : Apply medical first aid on board ship
- 14.01 During relevant drill stop excessive bleeding, ensure breathing and put injured persons in proper position. The actions demonstrated are in compliance with accepted recommendations given in international medical first aid guidance
- 14.02 During relevant drills detect signs of shock and heat stroke and act accordingly. The treatment recommended or given is adequate. Ability to request Radio Medico for advice is demonstrated
- 14.03 During relevant drills treat burns, scalds, fractures and hypothermia. Recommended guidelines for proper actions are explained and the basic principles for avoiding hypothermia are demonstrated
- 14.04 During relevant drills, locate and access shipboard medicine and equipment. Ability to access the medical cabinet in a timely way
Competence 15 : Monitor compliance with legislative requirements
- 15.01 Describe organization and function of International Maritime Organization and International Labour Organization List functions of organizations and documents released
- 15.02 Describe organization and function of Indian Maritime Administration and its role in shipping List functions of DG Shipping and Mercantile Marine Department
- 15.03 Appreciate the role of flag state and port state. Difference between flag and post state
- 15.04 Describe rules and regulations concerning ship safety, operation and pollution prevention as enumerated in different conventions and other instruments. The statement given is correct and includes relevant bodies or organizations, which may be contacted to attain special information or guidance, which is not easily accessible
- 15.05 Use legislation to ascertain due approach to solve questions encountered during onboard operations. Legislative requirements relating to safety of life at sea and protection of the marine environment are correctly identified
Competence 16 : Application of leadership and team working skills
- 16.01 State the shipboard organizational structures including training responsibilities of personnel onboard Operations are demonstrated to be in accordance with applicable rules
- 16.02 Acquire knowledge of international maritime conventions and recommendations, and national legislation Training objectives and activities are based on assessment of current competence and capabilities and operational requirements
- 16.03 Appreciate different functions of management applicable onboard including planning, decision making, allocation of resources, co-ordination and controlling. Case study for point mentioned above and to also indicate prioritization of resources. Necessary team member(s) share accurate understanding of current and predicted vessel and operational status and external environment
- 16.04 Case studies related to teamwork. Effective participation
- 16.05 Understand the importance of effective allocation, assignment and prioritization of resources onboard. Effective participation
- 16.06 Describe Risk Assessment and risk handling techniques used on ships Carry out risk evaluation exercise
- 16.07 Understand and appreciate need of effective communication onboard and with authority on ashore realizing possible barriers to communication and means to overcome.
- 16.08 Facilitating effective decision making by identifying different courses of action assigning probability of success to each course of action to arrive at the optimal decision taking into consideration the environmental impact and risks involved
Competence 17 : Contribute to the safety of personnel and ship
- 17.01 Knowledge of personal survival techniques Appropriate safety and protective equipment is correctly used
- 17.02 Knowledge of fire prevention and ability to fight and extinguishing fires Procedures and safe working practices designed to safeguard personnel and the ship are observed at all times
- 17.03 Knowledge of elementary first aid Procedures designed to safeguard the environment are observed at all times
- 17.04 Knowledge of personal safety and social responsibilities Initial and follow-up actions on becoming aware of an emergency conforms with established emergency response procedures
Competency No. 18 : Maintain the conditions set forth in a ship security plan, Recognition of security risks and threats, Undertake regular security inspections of the ship and proper usage of security equipment if any
- 18.01 Demonstrate working knowledge of the requirements of the ISPS Code and information in national and international rules and regulations. Knowledge of ISPS Code
- 18.02 Demonstrate knowledge of techniques for monitoring restricted areas, controlling access to the ship and to restricted areas onboard; methods for effective monitoring; various types of security equipment and systems, requirements for testing and calibrating. Taking necessary actions as per established guidelines
- 18.03 Acquire knowledge techniques used to circumvent security measures, recognition of potential security threats; crowd management and control techniques,; handling security related information and security related communications; methods for physical searches
Marine Engineering Knowledge (general)
Marine Engineering Materials: Properties and uses, Processes. Basic Metallurgy, metals and processes, Iron Carbon Equilibrium Diagram, Heat treatment of carbon steels, Non Ferrous alloys, Non-metallic materials, Welding, Gas cutting, Materials under load, Vibrations. Mechanical testing of Materials, Failure modes viz plastic deformation, fracture, fatigue, creep
Industrial Chemistry: Fundamentals, Acidity/Alkalinity, Corrosion, Water testing/treatment, Introduction to fuels and lubricants, toxic and other ill effects of cargoes on human and environment.
Fabrication, Welding, Joining and Cutting: Permanent joints, Riveting, Soldering, Self secured joints, Safety and health when welding, Principles of electrical arc welding, Principles of gas welding, Welded joints and low carbon steels, Common faults in welded joints, Plate work-marking out, Thermal Cutting, Mechanical Cutting, Forming, Bending Plates, Inspection, Pipe work. Non-destructive testings Manufacture of components. Gauges, deck machinery, gearing, clutches.
Corrosion Control on Board Ship: Thermodynamics & Kinetics of corrosion, various forms of corrosion, corrosion prevention methods. Introduction to ship and ship’s Routines:
Sensing and monitoring devices associated with marine equipment; Propulsion transmission systems, including thrust and shaft bearings, stern tubes and propellers; Steering and stabilizing systems, including bow thrusters; Refrigeration machinery and air conditioning systems; Safe and efficient operation in the UMS mode; Procedures to be adopted for operating main machinery under emergency conditions. Auxiliary steam boilers and Auxiliary steam plant: Steam boiler mountings and feed water systems; Auxiliary steam boilers and associated equipment, Boiler water testing and conditioning. Operation of auxiliary steam plant, pipelines, condenser, drain cooler. Auxiliary boiler fuel and air blower system. Methods of checking water level in steam boilers and action necessary if water level is abnormal.
Safe Engineering Watch-keeping: Procedures to be adopted in safe watchkeeping. Procedures for taking over and handing over watches. Routine work during watchkeeping such as soot blowing, cleaning of filters, pumping out of bilges through oily bilge separator, routine pumping operations of fuel oil, ballast water, fire pump and cargo pumping system, remote operation of pumping system and associated controls, purification and clarification of fuel oil, purification of lubricating oil. Construction and characteristics of Separators, Purifiers and Clarifies. Location of common faults in machinery and plant in engine and boiler rooms and action necessary to prevent damage. Interpretation of functional tests on communication and control system. Maintenance of machinery space log book and the significance of readings taken.
Ship Bilge/Ballast/oil – Pumps and pumping system. Hydrophore system: Various types of pumps, construction, operation and characteristics. Compressors construction, operation and characteristics. Compressed air system. Air bottles, construction, mountings and associated system.
Fresh water generators and vacuum evaporators: Construction, characteristics and operation of fresh water generators and vacuum evaporators.
Safety & emergency procedures: Change over of remote/automatic to local control of all main and auxiliary systems. Safe working practices. Safe practices in carrying out hot work and welding. Procedure to be taken while handling heavy machinery parts and overhauling of engines. Cleaning, man-entry and hot work in enclosed compartments. Emergency procedures such as actions to be taken in case of fire including fire drill, flooding of engine room compartment, rescue operation of injured persons, actions to be taken in case of stoppage of main engine, auxiliary engine and associated system.
English language: Ability to communicate in oral form & write technical reports: understand and use technical/engineering publications
Internal communication systems: Operation of all internal communication systems on board and maintain Statutory communication Records.
Engine Room Resource Management: Allocation, assignment and principles of resources; effective communication, assertiveness and leadership; situational awareness
Marine Engineering Knowledge (motor & Steam)
Marine Plant Operation: Construction, characteristics and operation of large bore and medium speed Diesel Engine parts. Performance characteristics of diesel engines by taking indicator cards. Steering gear, Auxiliary Boilers.
Operation of Marine Machinery, Equipments and Diesel Engines: Marine Diesel engines, Aux. steam boilers, construction and details of all parts and fittings, Fuel and combustion systems, Marine diesel engine, marine gas turbines (trunk and cross-head types) gearing systems and clutches; Starting and reversing systems; Cooling and lubricating systems; Fuel oil preparation systems; Auxiliary diesel engine and associated equipment; Control and alarm systems associated with automatic operation of a diesel plant; Assessment of engine power, the running adjustments to maintain performance; Safe and efficient operation and maintenance of marine diesel engines/Steam turbines. Crank case inspection, depth gauge and crank shaft deflection. UMS operations. Governors. Turbo chargers. Supercharging and Scavenging system.
For Steam candidates: Steam boilers, mountings, feed water systems and lubricating oil system. Gland sealing system. Assessment of plant efficiencies. Steam turbines, Gearing and Lubricating systems, Steam distribution systems, and associated equipment, condensers, ejectors, heat exchangers and feed heaters, air heaters and economisers and draining system of turbine and plants including steam traps. Manoeuvring system including Astern running.
Marine Engineering Practice
Marine Engineering Maintenance .1 approved workshop skills training .2 approved practical experience and tests .3 approved in-service experience .4 approved training ship experience Selection of tools and spare gear is appropriate Dismantling, inspecting, repairing and reassembling equipment is in accordance with manuals and good practice Re-commissioning and performance testing is in accordance with manuals and good practice Selection of materials is appropriate Fastening, Preparation for work on machinery, heat exchangers etc., General maintenance procedure of Centrifugal Pumps fitted with a means of air extraction, reciprocating pumps. Screw and Gear Pumps, pipes, valves, air compressors, heat exchanger. Maintenance and repair of diesel engine, auxiliary steam engine, petrol engine, turbocharger, diesel engine components, wear and tear, alignment of machinery components, correction of defects, breakdown repairs, steering gear. Maintenance and repair of oil fuel burners, propulsion shafting, refrigeration, deck machinery. Maintenance and repair of Auxiliary Boilers; Maintenance and repairs of deck machinery and hydraulic equipments; Hull inspection, maintenance and repairs of vessel in dry dock. Maintenance and repairs of main boilers, turbines and steam plants (for steam candidates). Safety and emergency procedures, safe isolation of all main and auxiliary machineries required before personnel are permitted to work on such plant and equipment. Safe trials and commissioning after repairs and trails.
Marine Electro Technology
Basic Electricity & Storage Batteries: The electrical circuit D.C. wire distribution system. Types of insulation. Wheatstone network bridge, slide wire bridge; applications to steering gears, resistance pyrometers, strain gauges etc. Electrolytic action and secondary cells. Theory of electrolytic dissociation applied to common solutions. Uses of electrolysis. Secondary cells (acid or alkaline), construction and principles, maintenance, charging. Watt-hour and ampere-hour efficiencies.
Applied Electricity: Typical B/H and μ/B circuit. Alternating current theory. Simple continuous periodic waves: frequency, amplitude instantaneous, maximum r.m.s. skills training . Approved practical experience and tests . Approved in-service experience . Approved training ship experience appropriate and interpretation of results is accurate Dismantling, inspecting, repairing and reassembling equipment are in accordance with manuals and good practice Reassembling and performance testing is in accordance with manuals and good practice and average values, form factor. Phasor representation of a.c. quantities. Phase difference. Simple treatment of power factor. Power in single phase a.c. circuit.
Electrical machines and troubleshooting: Distribution systems. Systems. Systems of a.c. and d.c. shipboard installation. Protective devices such as fuses, circuit breakers, earth lamps. Cable material and installation. Connection of shore supply d.c. machines. The principles, constructional details and protection of d.c. series, shunt and compound wound motors and generators. Self excitation, e.m.f and load voltage equations. Load characteristics. Methods of voltage control, paralleling procedures and load sharing for generators. Need for and types of starter, speed and torque equations, speed control of d.c. motors. a.c. machines, Simple explanation of the principles, constructional details and protection of alternators, squirrel-cage induction motors and single-phase transformers. Parallel running and synchronising theory. Synchronous motors, motor starters, Soft Starter, motor speed control, HV switch gear, switch gear equipments, MSB, DBS, HV & LV distribution, Electric Propulsion System, Layout of ships electrical system, fault level calculations, fault protection, electrical maintenance, electrical survey requirements, ships lighting.
Electronics: Junction diodes, junction transistors and their operating characteristics. Simple transistor circuits. Transistor as an Amplifier, Switch, Oscillator. Transistor biasing and its types e.g. Fixed bias and potential divider bias. IC 555 based Timers, Alarms / Siren / Buzzers Photoelectric effect. Photo Electric Devices e.g. LED, LCD, 7 Segment Display, Power semiconductor devices e.g. SCR, PMOSFET, IGBT and Rectifier, Inverter its applications onboard ship e.g. Ship Propulsion and ballast, cargo pump control using variable frequency drives. Digital Electronics, communication systems: Modulation & Demodulation, AM/FM transmitter and receivers, Radar. Operational Amplifier and its application in measurement and control of process parameters onboard ship.
Instrumentation: Instruments. Qualitative treatment of the principles and functions of a.c. and d.c. indicating instruments and relays. Uses of shunts and series resistances to increase the range. Rectifiers and transducers. Rectifier analysis Filters, Regulated Power Supply using Zener diode, Transistors and IC with its applications. Types of transducers suitable for measurement and control of Temperature, Pressure, Flow, Level, Speed, Torque, Force, Acceleration, Vibration, Humidity and Moisture with calibration of all.
Control Systems: Simple theory of all control systems, location of common faults and action to prevent damage. PID control, Basics and Tuning. V-I, I-V, P-I & I-P control. Programmable Logic Control: basics, operation, safety, maintenance and fault finding. Maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic equipment Maintenance of generators, motors and circuit breakers Safe isolation of all electrical plants and equipments required before personnel are permitted to work on such plant and equipment.
Ship Construction & Stability
Ship construction: Common terms used in the measurement of steel ships. E.g. length between perpendiculars, breadth overall, moulded depth, draught and freeboard. Definitions of shipbuilding terms in general use. Descriptions and sketches of structural members in ordinary types of steel ships. Load Lines, Deck line, Free board, Plimsol line, Watertight doors. Hatches, Rudders, Bow-thrusters. Propellers, Watertight bulkheads. Double bottoms. Anchors and cables. Descriptive treatment of the effect of free surface of liquids on stability. Arrangements for the carriage of dangerous goods in bulk. Ventilation arrangements (natural and mechanical) for pump rooms in tankers and for holds and oil fuel tanks. Fore and aft peak tanks, double bottom and deep tank filling and pumping arrangements. Compartmental drainage. Leveling arrangements for damaged side compartments. Ship dimensions and form: General arrangement of General cargo, tankers, bulk carriers, combination carriers, containers, ro-ro and passenger ships, definitions of camber, rise of floor, flare, sheer, rake etc., Ship stresses: Hogging, sagging, racking, panting, pounding, slamming etc, Hull structure: Proper names for the various parts, standard steel sections etc., Bow and stern: Stern frame, structural arrangement forward and aft to withstand panting and pounding etc., Fittings: Water tightness to the hatches, opening in oil tankers, chain lockers and attachment of cables, bilge piping system, ballast system, sounding and air pipes etc., Rudders and propellers: Construction of rudders and propeller, controllable pitch propeller, stern tube arrangement etc., Process of welding.
Naval Architecture: General. Displacement, Wetted surface, block midsection, prismatic and water-plane area coefficient. Bonjean Curves, Body Plan, Tonne per centimeter immersion. Application of Simpson's 1st and 2nd Rules to areas, moments of areas, volumes and moments of volumes, 2nd Moment of area, Application of 3, -8, 1 rule, Displacement, Laws of Floatation, TPC, Coefficient of Form, Calculation of area, volume & moments. Transverse Stability of ships, Working knowledge and application of stability, trim and stress tables, diagrams and stress calculating equipment, fundamentals of water tight integrity, actions to be taken in the event of partial loss of intact stability. Draught and buoyancy. Alteration of mean draught due to change in density of water, Buoyancy and reserve buoyancy. Effect of bilging amid ship compartments. Transverse stability Centre of gravity. Centre of buoyancy. Metacentre. Shift of centre of gravity due to addition or removal of mass, transverse movement of mass. Stability at small angles of heel, KB, BM and Hydrostatic Curves, Moments of statical stability. The inclining experiment. Resistance and propulsion. Comparison of skin frictional resistance of hull with model at different speeds. R = f.s.vn and residual resistance. Admiralty and Fuel coefficients. Relation between speed of vessel and fuel consumption with constant displacement and assuming that resistance varies as (speed) n.
Ship Safety & Environmental Protection
Precaution to be taken to prevent pollution of the Marine environment: While bunkering, loading/ discharging oil cargo, tank cleaning, pumping out bilges, and knowledge of construction and operation of Oil pollution prevention equipment in engine room and on tankers.
Legislation awareness and compliance : MARPOL 73/78 as amended, GOI rules wrt pollution prevention and other national legislations like OPA – 90 etc and other applicable international conventions on pollution. Knowledge of Codes of Safe Working Practices as published; knowledge of type of information issued by D.G. Shipping with regard to safety at sea; Safe Working Practices; Oil record book and SOPEP manual. Ballast Water Management.
Precautions against fire and explosions, fire prevention, detection and extinction in all parts of a ship Personal survival techniques and life saving appliances on ship, Medical Care: Theory of fire; Fire control aboard ships; Ship fire fighting organisations; Training of seafarers in fire fighting; Procedures for fire fighting; Inspection and servicing of fire appliances and equipment; Fire fighting process hazards; First aid; Fire investigations and reporting; Case studies; Introduction and safety; Emergency situations; Principles of survival; Use of survival equipment; Survival craft and rescue boat; Methods of helicopter rescue; Launching arrangements; Lifeboat engine and accessories; Evacuation; Signalling equipment and pyrotechnics; First aid; Radio equipment; Launching and handling survival craft in rough weather; Understands practical applications of medical guides; Understands process of radio medical advice; Demonstrates knowledge of actions to be taken in case of accidents or illnesses that are likely to occur on board ships
Legislation with regard ship safety: SOLAS, Load lines Connection, STCW.
Security Aspects: ISPS codes and its requirements, ship security plan, levels of security.
Legislations: Knowledge of National & International legislation, IMO & Conventions, Indian Merchant Shipping Act & Rules, Classification society, Charterers, Personal relationship on board ship. Statutory Survey and Certification, Port State Control, Flag State Inspection, ISM Code.
Leadership and team working skills: Engine room resource management, effective corrections, allocation of resources. Planning and coordination, work load management, time and resource constraints.